Asthma

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Sugamana Swasathirku

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Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by recurrent attacks of breathlessness and wheezing, which vary in severity and frequency from person to person. Symptoms may occur several times in a day or week in affected individuals, and for some people become worse during physical activity or at night. For a free information on asthma just visit www.asthmaclub.asia

QUICK ASTHMA FACTS

  • According to WHO estimates, 300 million people suffer from asthma and 255 000 people died of asthma in 2005.
  • Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children.
  • Asthma is not just a public health problem for high income countries: it occurs in all countries regardless of level of development.
  • Over 80% of asthma deaths occurs in low and lower-middle income countries.
  • Asthma is under-diagnosed and under-treated, creating a substantial burden to individuals and families and possibly restricting individuals' activities for a lifetime.
  • World-wide, the economic costs associated with asthma are estimated to exceed those of TB and HIV / AIDS combined
  • Asthma was the 25th leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost worldwide.
  • 3.0% of our country population are reported to have prevalence of Clinical Asthma.

  • Watch This To Get A Clear Of Asthma




    WHO Director-General warns that asthma is on the rise "everywhere"


    "Any discussion of health development must include chronic non communicable diseases" said during her opening speech. "Heart disease and cancer now rank as leading killers in all parts of the world, regardless of a country's income status. Diabetes and asthma are on the rise everywhere." - Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General, WHO.

    Asthma club of Asia, is the place to know about asthma and to fight asthma for a better breath. We welcome you to come and join us to fight Asthma.

    lungs

    The exact cause of asthma is not known.
    What all people with asthma have in common is chronic airway inflammation and excessive airway sensitivity to various triggers.
    Research has focused on why some people develop asthma while others do not.
    Some people are born with the tendency to have asthma, while others are not. Scientists are trying to find the genes that cause this tendency.
    The environment you live in and the way you live partly determine whether you have asthma attacks.
    An asthma attack is a reaction to a trigger. It is similar in many ways to an allergic reaction.
    An allergic reaction is a response by the body's immune system to an "invader."
    When the cells of the immune system sense an invader, they set off a series of reactions that help fight off the invader.
    It is this series of reactions that causes the production of mucus and bronchospasms. These responses cause the symptoms of an asthma attack.


    Lungs

    In asthma, the "invaders" are the triggers listed below. Triggers vary among individuals.
    Because asthma is a type of allergic reaction, it is sometimes called reactive airway disease.
    Each person with asthma has his or her own unique set of triggers. Most triggers cause attacks in some people with asthma and not in others. Common triggers of asthma attacks are the following:
  • Exposure to tobacco or wood smoke,
  • Breathing polluted air,
  • Inhaling other respiratory irritants such as perfumes or cleaning products,
  • Exposure to airway irritants at the workplace,
  • Breathing in allergy-causing substances (allergens) such as molds, dust, or animal dander,
  • An upper respiratory infection, such as a cold, flu, sinusitis, or bronchitis,
  • exposure to cold, dry weather,
  • Emotional excitement or stress,
  • Physical exertion or exercise,
  • Reflux of stomach acid known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD,
  • Sulfites, an additive to some foods and wine, and
  • Menstruation: In some, not all, women, asthma symptoms are closely tied to the menstrual cycle.
  • Risk factors for developing asthma:

  • Heavy fever (allergic rhinitis) and other allergies-This is the single biggest risk factor;
  • Eczema:Another type of allergy affecting the skin; and
  • Genetic predisposition:A parent,brother,or sister also has asthma.